‚Wir sind kurz vor dem Versorgungskollaps‘ erklärt der BGL-Vorstandssprecher Dirk Engelhardt gegenüber der WELT. 2010, im letzten Jahr vor der Abschaffung der Wehrpflicht, machten etwa 17.800 Menschen eine Kraftfahrausbildung bei der Bundeswehr. Inzwischen kommen nur 15.000 Berufskraftfahrer jährlich neu in den Markt, 30.000 Fahrer scheiden jährlich aus Altersgründen aus. Damit haben wir zum Ende der Dekade 330.000 LKW-Fahrer zu wenig. Das bedeutet 50% der LKW können nicht besetzt werden. Engelhardt macht auch die schlechten Arbeitsbedingungen für den Fahrermangel verantwortlich.
German rest areas are in a state of emergency from 5 p.m. onwards. This is because 90% of the lorry parking spaces are already occupied. Those who arrive later park on the hard shoulder, in and out of car parks, drive into industrial estates or other places that are not designated truck parking spaces. After 4-5 attempts to find a parking space every day, drivers often have no other choice when their driving time is over. During these attempts and repeated braking and accelerating of the 40t vehicles, massive amounts of diesel are consumed and often the driving time is exceeded, resulting in fines. During a police check in March 2020 in Schleswig-Holstein, 222 driving time violations were found among 378 drivers checked.
Sustainable transport is demanded, not only by the Greens. However, shifting more transport to the railways is not easy to implement today. HGVs are the biggest CO2 emitters in Europe and contribute massively to the negative CO2 balance. If the traffic searching for a parking space can be avoided by reserving a parking space, then 16kg of CO2 emissions are saved per lorry every day. This was calculated by the well-known Prof. Dr. Jochen Baier of the Steinbeis Institute. So with 50,000 drivers looking for a parking space every day, 290,000 tonnes of CO2 could be saved every year if these spaces were compensated for. In comparison, an average household consumes about 11 t of CO2 per year.